United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)

USDA is committed to helping organic agriculture grow and thrive. USDA has strengthened its oversight of organic products, using methods such as inspections and residue testing to ensure the integrity of organic products from farm to market. The National Organic Program (NOP) is owned by USDA (United States Department of Agriculture). Whereas in India, it is managed by National Accreditation Body (NAB), APEDA, as an accreditation body. It is a public standard. NOP develops the rules & regulations for the production, handling, labeling, and enforcement of all USDA organic products. USDA Organic Regulations include all USDA organic standards, including prohibited practices, requirements, and the National List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances.


Ecocert is an inspection and certification body established in France in 1991 by agronomists aware of the need to develop environmentally friendly agriculture. From its creation, Ecocert is specialized in the certification of organic agricultural products. In India, Ecocert operates from its offices at Aurangabad (M.S.) and Gurgaon (Haryana). ECOCERT India Pvt. Ltd. is accredited as per NPOP and USDA-NOP standards to offer services in India. Ecocert was the very first certification body to develop standards for “Natural and Organic Cosmetics”.

National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP)

The National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP) is managed by National Accreditation Body (NAB), APEDA. It is a public standard. The national programme involves the accreditation programme for Certification Bodies, standards for organic production, promotion of organic farming etc. The NPOP standards for production and accreditation system have been recognized by European Commission and Switzerland as equivalent to their country standards.

Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS)

The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) is the worldwide leading textile processing standard for organic fibres, including ecological and social criteria, backed up by independent certification of the entire textile supply chain. A textile product carrying the GOTS label grade ‘organic’ must contain a minimum of 95% certified organic fibres whereas a product with the label grade ‘made with organic’ must contain a minimum of 70% certified organic fibres. This is analogous to leading organic regulations in the food market, such as USDA/NOP.